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While global poverty rates have been cut by more than half since 2000, one in ten people in developing regions are still living with their families on less than the international poverty line of US$1.90 a day, and there are millions more who make little more than this daily amount.

Poverty is more than the lack of income and resources to ensure a sustainable livelihood. Its manifestations include hunger and malnutrition, limited access to education and other basic services, social discrimination and exclusion as well as the lack of participation in decision-making.

Forests & Poverty 

- 1.6 billion people worldwide are economically dependent on the forests -

- 60 million indigenous people are totally dependent on forest because they live and dwell in it -

- Forests are a direct source of income for 350 million people -

Forests and trees are vital sources of income, livelihoods and well-being for rural populations, particularly indigenous people, smallholders, those living in close proximity to forests and those who make use of trees outside forests. The sale of forest products provides households with cash, while forests and trees provide wood fuel, fodder, building materials, food, medicinal plants and other products collected freely for a variety of uses. Loss of forest area constitutes a direct threat to the way of life and livelihood of a large group of people.


PEFC’s contribution to SDG #1

- Sustainably managed forests provide economic benefits and improve lives of millions of people -

PEFC’s Sustainable Forest Management requires the protection as well as the payment of a fair wage to the forest workers and forest contractors. It also requires that local population are taken into account in the agreements and that they receive a part of the benefits of forest management.

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PEFC’s Sustainable Forest Management requirements contributing to SDG #1:

- PEFC-certified wood and / or paper you purchase also contribute directly to the preservation of forests, people’s income and a better living environment for humans and animals! -

Health, safety and working conditions :
Wages of local and migrant forest workers as well as of contractors and other operators operating in PEFC-certified areas shall meet or exceed at least legal, industry minimum standards or, where applicable, collective bargaining agreements. Where wages are below the living wage of a country, steps should be taken to attain increased wages towards a living wage level over time in addition to increases for inflation - criteria from the PEFC Standards -

Maintenance or appropriate enhancement of socio-economic functions and conditions :
Management shall promote the long-term health and well-being of communities within or adjacent to the forest management area, where appropriate supported by engagement with local communities and indigenous peoples.- criteria 8.6.4 from the PEFC Standards -

Management shall give due regard to the role of forestry in local economies. Special consideration shall be given to new opportunities for training and employment of local people, including indigenous peoples.- criteria 8.6.6 from the PEFC Standards -

Sites with recognized specific historical cultural or spiritual significance and areas fundamental to meeting the needs of indigenous peoples and local communities (e.g. health, subsistence) shall be protected or managed in a way that takes due regard of the significance of the site.- criteria 8.6.3 from the PEFC Standards -

Legal Compliance :
The organisation shall comply with applicable local, national and international legislation on forest management, including but not limited to forest management practices; nature and environmental protection; protected and endangered species; property, tenure and land-use rights for indigenous peoples, local communities or other affected stakeholders; health, labor and safety issues; anti-corruption and the payment of applicable royalties and taxes.- criteria from the PEFC Standards -

Communication & consultation :
Effective communication and consultation with local communities, indigenous peoples and other stakeholders relating to sustainable forest management shall be provided.- criteria 7.3.1 from the PEFC Standards - 

Legal, customary and traditional rights related to the forest land  :
Forest practices and operations shall be conducted in recognition of the established framework of legal, customary and traditional rights such as outlined in ILO 169 and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, which shall not be infringed upon without the free, prior and informed consent of the holders of the rights, including the provision of compensation where applicable. Where the extent of rights is not yet resolved or is in dispute there are processes for just and fair resolution. In such cases forest managers shall, in the interim, provide meaningful opportunities for parties to be engaged in forest management decisions whilst respecting the processes and roles and responsibilities laid out in the policies and laws where the certification takes place.- criteria 6.3.2 from the PEFC Standards - 


>> More about the SDGs on the UN website 

>> More about PEFC’s Sustainable Forest Management Requirements